Basically there are three major types of treatments for
ovarian cancer. They are radiotherapy, chemotherapy, and
surgery. The treatment processes may also be various
combinations of these basic treatments.
- Radiotherapy treatment is used to destroy the
cancer cells by high energy radiation exposure.
- Chemotherapy is a form of treatment used to treat
it to destroy cancer cells using strong cancer fighting
- Treatment with surgery is used to remove tissue
affected by the cancer. Surgery is most often required
when treating ovarian cancer.
Although not commonly used, radiotherapy must include
all cancer cells within the radiation field and abdominal
organs to be effective. Many women are diagnosed when the
cancer is in the later stages, and then when treatment for
ovarian cancer is sought the abdominal organs may not be
able to withstand the doses of radiation required to
destroy all tumorous tissue. If the cancer is confined to
one or both ovaries and has not spread to the abdominal
organs, radiotherapy can be an effective option for
treating this cancer.
Another treatment option for it is chemotherapy. This
involves using powerful drugs to destroy cancerous cells.
While these drugs stop cancer cells from dividing rapidly
and growing they can also damage normal cells.
Most women, in addition to other treatment, will undergo
surgery as part of their treatment plan. It is not uncommon
for surgery to be used in combination with chemotherapy or
radiotherapy. Removal of cancerous tissue is connected with
improved survival rates so surgery is particularly
significant in the treatment of ovarian cancer. It also
enables the physician to accurately make a diagnosis, stage
the tumor as well as remove as much of the tumor mass as
These are the basic treatments commonly used for
treatment of ovarian cancer. They may be used alone or in
combination with one another. The stage of cancer,
histopathologic type, and grade of disease, patient's
health and age are all factored in when a decision for
treatment is made. Before undergoing a certain treatment
program it is normally advisable to get a second