Treating the ovarian cyst is a matter that depends on a
lot of factors. Some of them are the dimension and the
appearance of the cyst, whether there are or not symptoms,
or if you have been through the menopause.
Sometimes, pre-menopausal women who discover they have a
cyst don’t need to follow any treatment if it turns that
cyst is a small and functional one. All they must do is to
have an ultrasound scan after a month, to check on the
cyst, because there are chances that it will disappear
without any treatment in a few weeks.
In the case of post-menopausal women, if a cyst is
detected on one ovary, the risk of developing cancer is
very low. More than half of this type of cysts will
disappear in about 3 months. For detecting the ovarian
cysts, there are ultrasound scans and blood tests for the
CA132 protein. This post-menopausal women are advised to
follow a ultrasound scan 4 months after the cysts have
Sometimes, when the cyst is large, it causes symptoms or
appears during pregnancy, the doctor might recommend a
surgery operation to take the cyst out, because without
looking at it under a microscope, it is difficult to say if
it will turn into a cancerous one or not.
There exists a surgical technique called laparoscopy,
which is proper to use when you want to remove smaller
cysts. This method consists in two small cuts that are made
in the lower abdomen and through those cuts air is blown
into the pelvis so that the abdominal wall shall be lifted
away from the organs inside. A laparoscope is then
introduced into the abdomen, and the surgeon can see the
internal organs. With the small tools attached to the
laparoscope, the surgeon can make a little cut in the cyst
and will drain the fluid away. He can also just take a
sample from the cyst, to determine what kind it is.
Laparotomy is another surgical technique, which is
recommended to be done when the cyst presents the risk of
bursting or spilling while it’s being removed. This
operation requires a larger cut that must be made across
the top of the pubic hairline, so the surgeon will have
access through that cut to take out the cyst and sent it to
the laboratory to see if it is cancerous or not.
If it turns out that the cyst is cancerous, the doctor
might need to apply to you a treatment to remove both of
the ovaries, the uterus, the omentum and some lymph
Every year, 6,800 new cases of ovarian cancer are
discovered in the UK, and there are about 4,650 deaths per
year caused by the ovarian cancer. The average age of woman
that are diagnosed with ovarian cancer is 63, but this
disease frequently appears between ages of 50 and 80,
sometimes even at younger ages.
Using a long time oral contraceptives reduces the risk
of ovarian cancer by three quarters, and this kind of
cancer appears more often in women who have never had
children than in those who have.
The cancer is hard to detect in early stages, but when
it is caught in time and it is still confined to the
ovaries, it can be cured with surgical treatment.